February 29, 1519

Luther writes to Willibald Pirckheimer [1] in Nuremberg, describing his increasing resolve concerning the controversies he has sparked (Quotation 1).[2] At the same time, he continues to prepare his Lectures on Galatians for publication (Quotation 2). Quotation 1: ... I have quite thankfully received the theses for the debate from my very suave Eck.[3] I am…

About February 24, 1519 (Part 2)

In response to a letter from George Spalatin to Andreas Karlstadt that arrived just after he had finished the letter quoted in Part 1, Luther writes a second letter to Spalatin. In it, he describes the results of his research into the canon law on papal supremacy and defends the twelfth of his theses [1]…

About February 24, 1519 (Part 1)

In a letter to George Spalatin, Elector Frederick's secretary, Luther offers two (contradictory or complementary?) reasons to believe that the reforming project is God's work: (1) if it were not, Luther's opponents would have killed him by now and (2) the project has now been adopted by so many of his Wittenberg colleagues, that, even…

February 20, 1519 (Part 2)

Luther writes to his spiritual father, Johann von Staupitz to report on the events of the past six weeks and ask for his prayers. Quotation: To the Reverend and excellent Father John Staupitz, vicar of the Eremites of St. Augustine,‍ my patron and superior, honored in Christ Jesus: Greetings! Though you are very distant from us,…

February 20, 1519 (Part 1)

Professor Martin Luther writes to Christoph Scheurl in Nuremberg, updating him on the controversy with Prof. Johann Eck of Ingolstadt (Quotation 1), and continues to prepare his Sermon on the Estate of Marriage for publication (excerpt in Quotation 2). Quotation 1: My greeting! I often reproach myself, my excellent Herr Doctor, for writing so seldom,…

February 19, 1519 (Part 3)

Having been rebuked by the University of Leipzig for presuming that, without a formal invitation, he would be allowed to participate in the planned debate between Professors Eck and Karlstadt, Luther writes to Duke George of Saxony to apologize and ask to be invited. (Quotation 1) On March 4, Duke George will answer Luther's letter:…

February 19, 1519 (Part 2)

On the same day that the University of Leipzig has reprimanded Luther for inviting himself to participate in the Karlstadt – Eck debate, Johann Eck writes to the university to let them know that he is inviting Luther to participate: I was somewhat troubled when I heard that you did not care to bear the…

February 19, 1519 (Part 1)

The "Rector, Professors, and Doctors" of the University of Leipzig send a letter of reprimand to Prof. Martin Luther in Wittenberg: Recently, while celebrating the nativity of our holy Redeemer in accordance with Christian custom, Johann Eck, the excellent Doctor of the Holy Scriptures, wrote to the most gracious prince Duke George, to this university,…

February 15, 1519

The "Rector, Professors, and Doctors" of the University of Leipzig write to their sovereign, Duke George of Saxony, complaining that Luther has announced both that the University will not host a debate between Johann Eck and Andreas Karlstadt and that he will participate in it: At your Grace's written command we have granted permission to…

February, 1519 (Part 2c)

Luther begins to revise his Lectures on Galatians (delivered in 1516-17) for publication. Quotation: Commentary on Galatians 1:3. Grace be to you, and peace, from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ. ... [continued from yesterday] Christ is God by Nature At the same time, Paul confirms our creed, "that Christ is very…