November 1508

Luther and six other Augustinians are transferred from Erfurt to Wittenberg. Luther is appointed substitute lecturer in moral philosophy at University of Wittenberg and lectures on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics every day from two to three in the afternoon. He will stay in Wittenberg until October 1509 Quotations: Infinite and inexpressible is the glory of the…

1508

Monks of the Erfurt Augustinian Hermits monastery (including Luther; 52 in all) are granted a plenary indulgence.[1] Quotation: “Our lay brothers in Erfurt [2] had to pray four hundred 'Our Fathers' in one day for the canonical hours.[3] Once a certain brother said, ‘If I were our Lord God, I wouldn’t like to hear what I alone…

Summer semester 1507

Martin Luther begins the study of theology. According to the statutes of the Erfurt University theology faculty, five years of course work and participation in disputations [1] were required to become a candidate for the doctoral degree. Quotation: Matt. 5:8. Blessed are those of a pure heart, for they shall see God. What is a pure…

May 2, 1507

In the church of the Erfurt Augustinian monastery, Martin Luther celebrates his first mass as a priest. His father, brothers, friends, and former teachers attend. Quotations: “When I was about to hold my first mass, my father sent twenty gulden for food and came with twenty persons, all of whom he put up. Somebody said…

April 22, 1507

Martin Luther writes to the elderly John Braun, inviting him to attend the first mass celebrated by Luther. Braun, a Franciscan friar, was vicar of the St. Mary’s Chapter in Eisenach and opened his home to students for evenings of music and discussion. Luther met Braun when he attended school in Eisenach (1498–1501). This is the…

April 3, 1507

In the chapel of St. Kilian at the Erfurt cathedral, Martin Luther is ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Johann Bonemilch von Laasphe. A priest's main responsibilities were to celebrate the mass and hear confessions. Quotation: Comment on Psalm 110:4: The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind, “You are a priest forever…

July or August 1506

Martin Luther takes monastic vows in Erfurt, promising life-long obedience to God, the Virgin Mary, and the prior of the cloister. Daily life in the monastery is highly regulated and is structured around the seven daily services of the canonical hours, ancient liturgies during which all 150 psalms would be chanted in the course of…

April 11, 1506

Pope Julius II (1443 – 1513, pope from 1503, nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope") lays the foundation stone for the replacement of St. Peter’s Basilica. The original basilica had been built, ca. 330-360 AD, by Constantine the Great. The need to raise funds for this construction would lead to the widespread sale of…

April 3, 1506

Augustinian Vicar General John von Staupitz (ca. 1460-1524) stays at the Erfurt monastery. During this visit, he probably interviewed Luther and granted him permission to prepare for the priesthood. To prepare, Luther would have studied Gabriel Biel's 89 lessons on the liturgy of the mass and books on hearing confession and assigning works of penance.…

January 22, 1506

Johann Amerbach (c. 1440-1513) publishes Complete Works of Augustine [of Hippo] in 11 volumes, in Basel. Quotations: "Augustine was the ablest and purest of all the doctors, but he could not of himself bring back things to their original condition, and he often complains that the bishops, with their traditions and ordinances, troubled the church…